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Social media use has once again been linked to loneliness and depression. Research has been hinting at the connection for several years, but scientists from the University of Pennsylvania say that this new study is the most comprehensive and rigorous to date.

社交媒体的使用再次与孤独和抑郁联系在一起。多年来,研究一直暗示着存在这种联系,但是宾夕法尼亚大学的科学家们说,这项新的研究是迄今为止最全面和最严谨的。

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Published in the Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, the most recent study linking poor mental health conditions to social media use has added even more evidence to back up the theory. The researchers from the University of Pennsylvania intentionally designed their experiment to be more comprehensive than previous studies on the topic. Rather than relying on short-term lab data or self-reported questionnaires, they recruited 143 undergraduate students to share screenshots of their Phone battery screens over a week to collect data on how much they were using social media apps including Facebook, Snapchat, and Instagram.

发表在《社会和临床心理学杂志》上的最新研究发现,将糟糕的心理健康状况与社交媒体的使用联系起来,为支持这一理论提供了更多的证据。宾夕法尼亚大学的研究人员有意地将他们的实验设计得比以前关于这个主题的研究更全面。他们不是依靠短期的实验室数据或自我报告的调查问卷,而是招募了143名本科生分享在一周内手机电池屏幕的截图,以收集他们在多大程度上使用社交媒体应用程序的数据,包括Facebook、Snapchat和Instagram。



According to an in-depth report on the study done by This Insider, subjects of the study were told either to maintain their typical social media behavior or limit it to 10 minutes per day. Alongside the screenshot data, the researchers also looked at how much the participants experienced fear of missing out, anxiety, depression, and loneliness.

根据该内部人士的一份深入调查报告,研究对象被告知保持他们典型的社交媒体行为,或者将其限制在每天10分钟。在截图数据的同时,研究人员还观察了参与者对遗憾、焦虑、抑郁和孤独的程度。

“Here’s the bottom line,” said Melissa G. Hunt, a psychologist at the University of Pennsylvania and lead author of the study.

“这是底线,”宾夕法尼亚大学心理学家、这项研究的主要作者梅丽莎·G·亨特说。

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“This is especially so in those with low self-esteem.”

"尤其是那些缺乏自信的人。"

There are definitely physical and mental health benefits to a technology detox. The results suggest social media and screens should both be used in moderation; just like most things.

戒除科技成瘾肯定对身心健康有好处。结果表明,社交媒体和屏幕都应该适度使用,就像大多数事情一样。

“When you’re not busy getting sucked into clickbait social media, you’re actually spending more time on things that are more likely to make you feel better about your life,” Hunt said.

亨特说:“当你不再忙于沉迷点击社交媒体时,你实际上是把更多的时间花在那些能让你对生活感觉更好的事情上?!?br />
“In general, I would say, put your phone down and be with the people in your life.”

"总的来说,我会说,放下你的手机,和你生活中的人在一起。"